SSL Certificate Converter Online for Free

To offers online and free SSL certificate format conversion tool without needing any software installation or running the OpenSSL commands. 

Converting SSL Certificates online is easy using tool

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What is CRT format?

The extension CRT is employed for certificates, with CER and CRT being almost interchangeable. This is especially prevalent in *nix systems. A file with a .crt extension encompasses an end-entity certificate, its public key, and identity details such as domain names verified to be linked with the certificate.

CRT certificates play a crucial role in enabling secure TLS handshakes, substantiating website identity ownership to browsers, and establishing encrypted sessions that are shielded against eavesdropping and content tampering.

What is CER format?

A .cer file functions as a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate file, crucial for securing communication between web servers and web browsers. SSL certificates achieve this by encrypting transmitted data, thwarting eavesdroppers from intercepting and deciphering sensitive information.

SSL certificates are broadly categorized into server certificates and client certificates. Web servers utilize server certificates to authenticate themselves to web browsers, while client certificates enable web browsers to authenticate themselves to web servers. While .cer files are primarily associated with server certificates, they can also be employed for client certificates.

To utilize a .cer file, installation on the respective web server or web browser is necessary, with installation procedures varying depending on the software in use. Once installed, the .cer file becomes instrumental in verifying the identity of the counterpart before establishing a secure connection.

For web browsers, the validity of the .cer file can be confirmed by checking the lock icon in the address bar; a green lock icon signifies a valid certificate and a secure connection. On the other hand, web servers can verify .cer file validity by examining error logs, where the absence of errors indicates a valid certificate, signaling the server's readiness to accept connections.

What is PEM format?

Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) serves as a file format designed for the storage of cryptographic data, functioning as a versatile container that accommodates the public certificate, private key, and root certificate. Initially developed for the Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) email encryption standard, the name PEM reflects its origin. Over time, PEM has expanded its utility to encompass various applications, such as securing websites, email encryption, and digital signatures.

Encoded in Base64, PEM files represent binary data in ASCII text, facilitating easy storage and transmission. These files adhere to a specific structure, featuring a header indicating the contained data type, followed by the data itself encoded in Base64. The conclusion of the data is marked by a footer.

Various software tools facilitate the creation of PEM files, and online tools are available to convert other file formats into the PEM format. Once a PEM file is generated, it can be employed to fortify a website or online application. Installation on the web server enables the file to encrypt and decrypt data transmitted between the server and the user's browser.

Beyond website security, PEM files find application in email encryption. Senders use the recipient's PEM file to encrypt an email message, and the recipient can subsequently decrypt the message using their own PEM file.

Overall, PEM files provide a secure and efficient means of storing and transmitting cryptographic information. Widely adopted, they play a crucial role in safeguarding websites, email communication, and other online applications.

What is DER format?

The DER format, an acronym for Distinguished Encoding Rules, represents a binary variation of PEM-formatted certificates and finds prevalent usage in Java-based platforms. Primarily deployed in applications prioritizing security, such as e-commerce and online banking, DER certificates are also favored in certain mobile applications and embedded systems.

Several advantages accompany the use of DER certificates. Firstly, their heightened security is attributed to the binary format, making tampering exceedingly challenging. Secondly, their efficiency stems from the swift processing enabled by the binary structure. Thirdly, the portability of DER certificates is notable, facilitating seamless transfer between different systems.

Despite these advantages, DER certificates come with some drawbacks. Firstly, they can be challenging to read due to the binary format, impeding easy inspection of certificate contents. Secondly, editing DER certificates proves difficult as the binary structure hinders straightforward modifications. Thirdly, managing DER certificates presents challenges in tracking due to the intricacies of the binary format.

DER certificates offer a secure and efficient means of safeguarding data in transit. However, their complexity in terms of readability, editing, and management poses certain challenges.

What is PFX format?

A Personal Information Exchange file, commonly referred to as a PFX file, is a password-protected archive containing a digital certificate, a private key, and the intermediate authority's certificate. Primarily utilized to bolster the security of applications and websites, PFX files often play a central role in the installation of SSL certificates.

SSL, or Secure Sockets Layer, is a protocol designed to facilitate secure communication across computer networks. SSL certificates, integral to this protocol, serve the dual purpose of verifying a website's identity and encrypting data transmitted between the website and the user's browser.

Typically crafted by web hosting companies or certificate authorities, PFX files find their way to a website's server after creation. Once installed, the website gains the ability to use HTTPS, the secure version of HTTP.

To install an SSL certificate, a web browser supporting HTTPS is required. Following a successful installation, a lock icon in the address bar signifies the website's use of HTTPS and assures users that their communication with the site is secure.

Beyond securing websites, PFX files also play a role in code signing—a process that verifies the software developer's identity and ensures the integrity of the software. Validating the signature of downloaded software from a trusted source using PFX files enhances confidence in the authenticity of the software.

In essence, PFX files emerge as a vital security tool safeguarding applications, websites, and software. Users engaging with SSL certificate-reliant websites or software should verify the validity of the associated PFX file and confirm its correct installation for optimal security assurance.

What is P12 format?

A file bearing the '.p12' extension is a security key file associated with the Simple Order API. This extension signifies that the file adheres to the PKCS #12 standard, a part of the Public-Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS) established by RSA Laboratories. Functioning as an archive, a P12 file encompasses all essential cryptographic components.

Within a P12 file, one finds the private key, the public certificate from the Certificate Authority, and all intermediate certificates employed for signing. Notably, a P12 file can include a maximum of 10 intermediate certificates. These files play a pivotal role in securing communications between two applications and serve as a repository for digital certificates, including SSL certificates.

Creating a P12 file involves utilizing tools like OpenSSL, an open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. Once generated, the P12 file can be employed for securing communications or storing digital certificates.

To secure communications, the P12 file must be installed on both client and server machines. The client uses the P12 file to generate private and public keys, while the server verifies the client's identity using the public key. Alternatively, for storing digital certificates, saving the P12 file to a secure location suffices. Additionally, key management tools can be employed for efficient P12 file management.

P12 files emerge as a secure and practical solution for storing and utilizing digital certificates. They offer a convenient means of ensuring secure communication between applications.

What is CSR format?

A Certificate Signing Request (CSR) is a coded text block forwarded to a Certificate Authority (CA) during the SSL Certificate application process. Typically generated on the server where the certificate is to be installed, the CSR includes pertinent details for incorporation into the certificate, such as the organization name, common name (domain name), locality, and country. While the PKCS #10 specification is the most prevalent format for CSRs, various other formats are also compatible.

The CSR, crafted in the PEM format, encompasses the public key section of the private key and details about the entity (individual or company). Included in the CSR are the two-letter country code, state/province, and city where the company is legally situated.

After generating the CSR, the next step involves submitting it to the CA alongside payment for the SSL Certificate. The CA then processes the request, issuing a digital certificate in return. This certificate file holds the public key of the website and its identity, along with related information. Installation of the digital certificate on the website is imperative to activate HTTPS.

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